Topics: Greco-Roman World - Byzantium (667 BC-1453 AC)

Byzantium (667 BC-1453 AC)

Byzantium (Latin: BYZANTIVM) was an ancient Greek city, founded by Greek colonists from Megara in 667 BC and named after their king Byzas . The name Byzantium is a Latinization of the original name Byzantion. The city was later renamed Constantinople and briefly became the capital of the classical Roman Empire, and then subsequently was the capital the Byzantine Empire, the Greek-speaking Roman Empire of late Antiquity and the Middle Ages. Constantinople became the capital of the Turkish Ottoman Empire in 1453 and the name of the city was changed to Istanbul in 1930 following the establishment of modern Turkey.

The origins of Byzantium are shrouded in legend. The traditional legend has it that Byzas from Megara (a town near Athens), founded Byzantium in 667 BC, when he sailed northeast across the Aegean Sea. Byzas had consulted the Oracle at Delphi to ask where to make his new city. The Oracle told him to found it "opposite the blind." At the time, he did not know what this me... (read more)
Byzantium (667 BC-1453 AC)
The Byzantine Empire under Justinian ca. 550Source: Wikipedia